Discussion Papers

Alfons Keuter, Lorenz Nett, Werner Neu, Cara Schwarz-Schilling, Ulrich Stumpf

Ergebnisse und Perspektiven der Telekommunikationsliberalisierung in ausgewählten Ländern
Nr. 193 / April 1999
(no longer available)

Summary

WIK has carried out a comparative study for the Ministry of Economics and Technology on liberalization in the telecommunication sector in four countries - France, United Kingdom, US and Japan. Different approaches to regulation in each of the countries have been explained and differences in the development of the markets and competition resulting from the respective regulatory approach have accordingly been shown. The study focuses on liberalization of voice telephony and public telecommunications networks as well as the development of the mobile sector.

For each of the four countries the approach to regulation is characterized by mainly taking into account the following factors:

Opening of the market (stepwise or all at once)

Licencing conditions

Carrier selection and number portability rules that allow customers to change the telecommunications operator more easiliy

Interconnection and network-access rules that allow entrants to use bottleneck-resources

Universal service rules that require entrants to make financial contributions

Price regulation that restricts the scope for setting prices by the incumbent

Different regulatory approaches have lead to considerably diverging market results particularly for fixed networks that are documented by looking at the following critiera:

Market entry and market share of entrants compared to the incumbent telephone operator

Development of prices after the opening of the market and build up of infrastructure by new comeptitiors

Penetration rates for fixed and mobile telephones and subscriber numbers

Only German language version available.

Discussion Paper is no longer available.

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