Development of 5G campus networks in Germany and Europe
Two years have passed since the award of frequencies in the 3.7 to 3.8 GHz range for local use started. Reason enough to take a look at the current status quo of the rollout of (5G) campus networks in Germany and to place the regulatory approach in an international context. What opportunities do companies see in the establishment of corresponding networks, and what obstacles still exist at present?
An extensive survey of WIK among the assignment holders of local frequency usage rights in Germany provides answers. The most important findings in regard to frequency regulatory, the application process and the implementation of (5G) campus networks to date have also been published in a journal article in N&R 2021.
Germany is playing a pioneering role in the allocation of local frequencies. At the same time, implementation is still at a very early stage. So far, around 150 companies and organizations have applied for and been allocated the relevant frequencies. However, regulatory requirements in Germany have led to increased competition for campus network offerings as new players enter the market.
Barriers still exist, for example, in the availability of 5G-capable hardware or the lack of ability to precisely quantify cost benefits today. With the further standardization of 5G, this availability of 5G-capable devices will increase further. Overall, the development will then largely depend on the costs of a 5G realization and the establishment of a large ecosystem in the respective sectors.