Parallel glass fibre expansions for the creation of infrastructure competition

WIK study quantifies savings potential of co-installation and co-use according to DigiNetzG

In this paper we have estimated the costs of different duplication scenarios for FTTH, analysed their economic representability and market relevance and discussed the role of infrastructure competition in a gigabit world.

By co-installation and co-use as well as the 4-fiber model, the costs for duplicating fiber optic infrastructures can be significantly reduced compared to parallel expansion. Nevertheless, due to the high expansion costs in combination with relatively low willingness to pay, duplication is only economically feasible in a few cases.



M2M communication as growth driver in cellular communications

WIK report forecasts growth rates for M2M applications realized over public cellular networks in Germany

Market researchers expect high growth in the M2M/IoT area. At the same time, there are no dedicated forecasts on the development of mobile radio-based M2M communications in Germany. The study at hand closes this gap.

Our forecast differentiates between three scenarios that vary in terms of supply, demand and the technological, regulatory and political framework conditions. In spite of partly strong deviations, all scenarios suggest a growth of M2M applications realized over public mobile networks.

Even in a strong growth scenario, number bottlenecks are not expected, however. Nevertheless, it is recommended to study the further market development to be able to react on potential future bottlenecks.



Developments in the market for newspapers and periodicals

WIK Discussion Paper analyses volume trends and different sales channels for newspapers and periodicals, and ultimately on delivery markets in Germany

For delivery markets, the study describes the logistical process for press subscriptions, the roles of different market players, and discusses current challenges from volume declines and increasing input costs. It presents future expectations of market players, and discusses the implications for the delivery market in Germany. For periodicals, the study concludes that publishers do not currently have any economic alternative to postal delivery by Deutsche Post AG. This monopoly situation is expected to persist in the foreseeable future. Conversely, delivery of (daily) newspapers is dominated by local delivery companies specialised in early morning delivery, often owned by local publishers. Since postal operators cannot facilitate early morning delivery, they struggle to offer attractive deliveries to newspaper publishers.



Artificial intelligence in the telecommunications sector

Importance, development prospects and regulatory implications

There are already many use cases for artificial intelligence (AI). But how prepared and developed is the telecommunications sector concerning AI? And what regulatory questions arise from this?

The results of the survey show that there are already many potential application areas for AI in the telecommunications sector today. However, the German telecommunications market is currently only dealing with a few selected Machine Learning/AI applications. This is mainly due to a high demand for skilled workers, know-how and (elaborated) data as well as occasional ambiguity about the benefits of these applications. The main drivers of AI in the network sector are primarily energy-saving potential, resource efficiency and (long-term) cost savings. Predestined area for ML/AI in the telecommunications companies today is the customer service.

For the use of AI in the network sector, the study identified discrimination and transparency issues. Economies of scale are also increased by AI. This results in higher market concentration and disruption potential. In addition, further thematic intersections could be identified which need to be examined in the context of the regulation. These include, for example, the role of AI in 5G (QoS / Network Slicing) or in new cloud services.



Spectrum Management: Spectrum policy to enable 5G campus networks in selected countries

5G campus networks generate high production and economic potential. National frequency management generates the opportunities to acquire essential frequency usage rights for the establishment and operation of these networks. In particular, local frequency usage rights enable the construction of own 5G campus networks. The frequency policy pursued in selected countries in Europe, China, South Korea and the United States of America to promote 5G campus networks is the subject of the study.



Digitization: Applications for 5G are emerging

Study examines the fields of industry, agriculture and energy

After allocating the 5G frequencies, the companies start implementing 5G-based applications. The potential is great, but the specific use for the economic sectors under consideration differs regarding to the specific process requirements and the speed of implementation.



WIK report assesses impacts of different wholesale pricing models on the Australian broadband market

WIK has provided consultancy services to Telstra in the context of a consultation on wholesale charges provided over the publicly-owned National Broadband Network (NBN) in Australia.

In the course of this project, WIK developed a market model to forecast the take-up of NBN services until 2024 under different wholesale pricing scenarios and estimated the resulting GDP effects. The analysis was supplemented by an international benchmark of several key broadband metrics in Australia and other leading economies and a discussion of future bandwidth requirements.



Processing mobility data in compliance with data protection rules

mFUND WIK research project demonstrates the potential of anonymisation

Mobility projects generally require personal data or data that could be related to persons. If data allows conclusions about natural persons or make them identifiable, technical procedures are required that enable compliant processing.

As part of its accompanying research for mFUND, a sponsoring programme of the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, WIK manages a regular working forum on data protection and compliance. At a meeting of this forum, mFUND projects and data protection experts discussed options for pseudonymisation and anonymisation. Compliant implementation within a wider data protection management approach is central to the successful development of project ideas so that they can be brought to market.

The participants were particularly interested in how safety-critical sensor data from apps and mobile phones can be used and in which way hazard reports, accident data and photos could be pseudonymised.

The report on the working forum is published here ...



18th Königswinter Postal Seminar took place

Postal experts discussed challenges by e-commerce and international delivery

International postal experts met on 9 and 10 December 2019 to discuss recent developments on postal markets and regulatory trends. The seminar, being an internationally high-reputed conference with top-class speakers, took place for the 18th time on castle ‘Hirschburg’ in Königswinter. It focused on two main aspects: first, development of international letter and parcel post, and second, on strategies of postal operators and regulators to cope with letter volume decline.



Anforderungen an einen neuen Universaldienst aus Sicht der Verbraucher, Presentation of Sonja Thiele at the PDL-Forum on 28 November 2019

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