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Supporting the implementation of CEF2 Digital

Supporting the European Commission in scoping the required budget needed to meet the actions identified under CEF Digital

This study aims to support the European Commission in scoping the required budget needed to meet the actions identified under CEF Digital as well as aiding preparations for the implementation of the forthcoming CEF Regulation, by identifying key areas of market failure and potential priorities and structural models for funding. Our analysis suggests that funding well in excess of €3bln would be needed to address gaps that are expected to persist in fixed and mobile VHC connectivity across the EU over the coming decade. Based on our analysis of the degree of market failure and potential spill-over effects for the single market, we recommend that a share of €1.3bln should be devoted to connecting households and socio-economic drivers with Gigabit fixed and wireless connectivity. Use of blending calls could help to leverage available private funds to achieve maximum benefits, enabling connectivity to nearly 6m households and more than 50,000 schools, hospitals and other socio-economic drivers. The needs to support future-proof 5G connectivity infrastructure for connected and automated mobility for the estimated 26,000km stretch of cross-border corridors are in excess of €1bln. Remaining funds would be split between funding for local WIFI and 5G initiatives, connectivity for high performance computing, cloud connectivity and submarine cables.

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Competition and investment in the Danish broadband market

On behalf of the Danish Energy Agency WIK conducted a study on competition and investment on the Danish broadband market.

Background of the study are the provisions on symmetric access regulation, which are due to be introduced on Member State Level in the context of the transposition of the 2018 EU Electronic Communications Code. Symmetric access obligations under the Code are obligations that apply to all operators, and not only to operators found to have "Significant Market Power".

In this report we assess the impact that different forms of "symmetric" wholesale access regulation may have on the investment incentives of broadband operators in Denmark, as well as the potential effects on competition and consumer outcomes.

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The Danish Telecommunications Market in 2030

Denmark performs well against international benchmarks for the digital economy and society. However, new developments and challenges lie ahead. The Danish Energy Agency has commissioned WIK to identify and analyse them.

The study includes an international benchmark to highlight where Denmark stands compared to 11 other developed countries, an analysis of the relevant future smart applications and the technological requirements of these applications. It also discusses future technological developments, and their impact on business models.

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Open Data and Mobility

Municipal data, attractive applications, mobile citizens. A study of the mFUND research of WIK, mFUND is a funding programme sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

Data from municipalities and municipal transport companies are of great importance for innovations in the field of mobility. Cross-network cooperation, increased user-friendliness and improved non-discriminatory access to data are expected to result in high efficiency gains in the development of innovative applications. This new study by the mFUND accompanying research of WIK explains the potential of municipal data and the regulations for the provision of Open Data at European and national level. It also discusses the barriers to the provision of Open Data at the municipal level and identifies possible courses of action to overcome these barriers. The study is available in German language only.

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Cybersecurity and SME

WIK provides SMEs and multipliers with a practical overview

The topic of IT security is already highly relevant for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Numerous technological developments are underway with regard to this topic. We show which IT security risks SMEs are already facing today and how they can protect themselves against them. It is shown that currently immaterial damages cause the largest sums of damage. A large part of these damages could be avoided by implementing various technical, organisational and personnel measures. But also IT security concepts, which offer help in case of emergency, are not implemented by many SMEs. Especially small SMEs still fail to implement them all too often.

We are also looking into the future and explain the significance of new technologies that could have an impact on the security of digital applications in the future. These include artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain and quantum computers. In the view of almost all experts, AI, if existing data is used correctly, will lead to large amounts of data being used to improve one's own IT security in the coming years. In the future, blockchain technology can be used for secure and targeted transactions in corporate networks, but it does not reduce the demands on the company's internal IT security. Quantum computers and opportunities and threats related to their use are a topic that lies further in the future. Nevertheless, in the procurement process companies should always ensure that cryptographic procedures are up-to-date and adaptable, to be securely positioned for the future.

The report closes by highlighting several examples on how companies can successfully implement digitisation measures and increase the security level.

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