Regulatory, in particular access, regimes for network investment models in Europe

In this study, we seek to understand Europe’s future needs for high bandwidth connectivity, the business models for investment in new networks, and how regulation may impact the business case for deployment of very high capacity networks as well as choice and value in services for end-users. We also consider the implications of different governance models for access regulation at EU level. On the basis of this analysis, we evaluate the current access regime and the associated institutional set-up, and present recommendations in these areas for the reform of the EU framework for electronic communications. Key conclusions are that the current framework has been effective in delivering competition in broadband, but has not levelled up the standard of very high capacity broadband in Europe to match EU and international best practice benchmarks, and has not delivered a single market for services to enterprises. The lack of binding Decisions on remedies and complex institutional processes may be partly responsible. We recommend an increased focus on infrastructure competition, geographically targeted regulation and co-investment within an expanded market analysis process, as well as a common approach for business wholesale products. A reformed BEREC could serve to support consistent application of the rules.

The study (in English language) is available for download.